1860 to 1865 inclusive

(part of a search of the Trove newspaper database for 1837 to 1869).

By Miles Peachfield.

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Here's a summary of what I found, and below this summary are details of the newspaper records.

Summary of findings

1860 - no reports of snow found.

1861 - no reports of snow found.

1862 - a report from Strathalbyn of snow on June 16th "Sow low was the temperature on Monday afternoon, that a few flakes of snow fell ; a wet night followed"; and in the Border Watch (Mount Gambier) a report of snow "... a succession of cold and continuous rains, snow and hail storms ..." within the period "the month ending 25th August", which I deduce is probably referring to SA but it doesn't actually say where it's referring to.

1863 - sketchy reports of one snow event, namely a fall of snow on Monday 6th July 1863 at some locations in the Adelaide Hills - Crafers and Lobethal are the only two towns specifically mentioned. This fall was preceded by "... July. ... 5th. Hurricane on the south-eastern coast at midnight, causing considerable damage to shipping and property".

1864 - no reports of snow found.

1865 - I found one report of snow falling "in various places" in late July 1865 without the article naming the places or giving a date for the falls. Earlier in the winter, on Wednesday 28th June 1865 there were reports of snow falling at Upper Finniss, Bull's Creek, Strathalbyn, Gumeracha, the Clarendon district, Kanmantoo, Charleston, Rhynie (snow or sleet), Stockport, Burra, and near Melrose (probably on Mt Remarkable as it's mentioned in the heading). And one newspaper said "Mr. Cobbledick informs us that a considerable quantity of snow has recently fallen at the Mount" referring to Mt Lofty and probably to this snow event but it doesn't give a date.

This 28th June 1865 snow event was the first snow event I found since the start of newspaper reporting in SA where correspondents from a scattering of towns sent in reports.

28th June 1865 may have been a blockbuster event given the wide extent of the falls and reports from fairly low altitudes eg the Bull Creek area, but the reporting is still pretty sketchy in comparison to more modern events.

Reports include: "On Wednesday morning a large quantity of hail fell in Adelaide and its vicinity, and we are informed by a passenger by one of the South-Eastern mails that snow fell in considerable quantities in the hill country"; from Gumeracha "... The snow fell several times during the day ..."; from Kanmantoo "... the weather is piercingly cold, and to-day we have had several smart hailstorms. I may also mention that we had a slight fall of snow at about 11 a.m. to-day, which lasted about five minutes"; from Clarendon "... in some parts of this district the snow fell in heavy showers"; from Charleston "... snow and rain have fallen heavily during the greater part of this day"; Kooringa (now Burra) "Since my last we have had here our share of the cold, snowy, and rainy weather that has been experienced in other parts of the colony. The snow provoked the snowballing propensities of some of the residents, who had not seen it for a long time, as it is some years since it fell in the Burra, and then also in June"; from Strathalbyn "There were ... some smart showers of hail. At the Upper Finniss there was a shower of snow, which lasted some 15 minutes; whilst at Bull's Creek— which flows through a long, deep, and circuitous gully that from its centre (almost from end to end) throws off its towering and picturesque hills some hundreds of feet high—snow, old English-like snow, large feathery flakes, fell fast and thick, for I have been told rather more than an hour"; Stockport "a heavy snow and hail storm which lasted some time fell on Thursday last ... ".

I haven't seen any reference to wind directions in these articles referring to the 28th June 1865, but from the references to hail and snow showers and storms, we could deduce that it might have been a deep southerly or south-westerly airstream with large coldies. (It seems to have been the practice of the time to sometimes use the word snowstorm to refer to what we would now call snow showers.)

Now regarding "I found one report of snow falling "in various places" in late July 1865 without the article naming the places or giving a date for the falls", The South Australian Advertiser of Friday 28 July 1865 said "Winter has now quite set in. There has been an abundant fall of rain in and around Adelaide for many miles. Snow has fallen in various places, and the weather is very cold." That's the only information I found on that event.

The above is a summary of what I've found in the Trove newspaper database on snowfalls from 1860 to 1865 inclusive, and below are the details of the newspaper records.

Details of the newspaper records

1862

South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1867) Saturday 21 June 1862 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/90255623

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article:)

" STRATHALBYN.
[From our own Correspondent]
June 18.
... We have had splendid weather since my last, with some rather severe frosts. Sow low was the temperature on Monday afternoon, that a few flakes of snow fell ; a wet night followed."

The Monday before June 18th was June 16th.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article90255623
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page8358094
APA citation
STRATHALBYN. (1862, June 21). South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1867), p. 2. Retrieved February 22, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article90255623

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Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954) Friday 12 September 1862 Page 4.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/77078522

This is the snow-relevant part of a longer article. The article doesn't explicitly say this reference to snow is to South Australia but I'm confident it is.

"FLOUR, GRAIN, &c.
(Review for the month ending 25th August, 1862).

The period which has elapsed since the departure of the last English mail has brought about with it few changes in the corn market.
The weather has been altogether ungenial, a succession of cold and continuous rains, snow and hail storms, which has injured the growing crops in some wet localities, and kept back vegetation to an unusual extent; if fine weather with sunshine does not follow soon, it will result in disaster to the agricultural interest, as a good breadth of land under cereals will have to be sown a second time, while in other instances the seed has not yet been put in."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77078522
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page7596927
APA citation
FLOUR, GRAIN, &c. (1862, September 12). Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved February 26, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77078522

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1863

South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Tuesday 7 July 1863 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/50165419

This is the snow-relevant part of a longer article titled "VACANCIES IN THE COUNCIL".

"Fall of Snow.— The residents in many localities amongst the hills had the pleasure on Monday afternoon of witnessing a fall of snow. In some places it was of considerable duration, especially in the country surrounding Crafers, where, we hear, it fell for upwards of an hour."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50165419
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3913780
APA citation
VACANCIES IN THE COUNCIL. (1863, July 7). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 2. Retrieved February 26, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50165419

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South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Friday 17 July 1863 Page 3.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/50179351

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

"LOBETHAL.
[From our own Correspondent.]
Lobethal, July 13.
The weather is very wet and cold. On the 6th instant we witnessed a fall of snow, which did not last longer than half an hour."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50179351
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3913879
APA citation
LOBETHAL. (1863, July 17). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 3. Retrieved February 27, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50179351

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"snow fell upon the hills near Adelaide" on what I interpret to be Monday 6th July 1863 (same date as the above two snow reports).

South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Saturday 25 July 1863 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/50181101

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

"The weather continues to be very rainy. On the 5th instant there was a hurricane on the southern coast which drove several vessels from their moorings, and on the following day snow fell upon the hills near Adelaide."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50181101
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3913821
APA citation
TELEGRAPHIC SUMMARY. (1863, July 25). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 2. Retrieved February 27, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50181101

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South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Wednesday 20 January 1864 Page 3.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/39126650

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article referring to events in 1863)

"MEMORABILIA.
The most remarkable occurrences during the past year were the following :—
... July. ... 5th. Hurricane on the south-eastern coast at midnight, causing considerable damage to shipping and property. 6th. Snow fell for an hour in the district around Mount Lofty."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39126650
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3915065
APA citation
MEMORABILIA. (1864, January 20). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 3. Retrieved February 27, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39126650

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1865

The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) Thursday 29 June 1865 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/31851141

This is the snow-relevant part of a longer article.

"TOPICS OF THE DAY.

Flags were hoisted on Wednesday at Government House and several places in town in honor of Her Majesty's Coronation Day. On Wednesday morning a large quantity of hail fell in Adelaide and its vicinity, and we are informed by a passenger by one of the South-Eastern mails that snow fell in considerable quantities in the hill country."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31851141
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page2413315
APA citation
TOPICS OF THE DAY. (1865, June 29). The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889), p. 2. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31851141

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South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Friday 30 June 1865 Page 3.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/39127897

(quoting entire article)

"GUMERACHA.
[From our own Correspondent.]
Gumeracha, June 28.
We have witnessed here to-day what I have never seen in South Australia before, and what may be long ere we see again, namely, a snowstorm. The season has been unusually severe in the way of frosts, but the treat of seeing a real snowstorm took every one by surprise. All betook themselves out of doors so that they might lose no part of the novel sight, which called back such vivid recollections of the old country. But not the least amusing were the quaint remarks of the young Australians, who for the first time in their lives saw the "old woman picking her geese." The snow fell several times during the day, but I think the heaviest fall was between 12 and 1 o'clock. The wind was not high at the time, consequently the flakes did not drive, but had a very gradual descent. Unfortunately the ground was wet from the previous rain, so that the snow melted as soon as it reached the earth, and therefore snowballing was out of the question. The glass must have been unusually low all day, but I have not heard the exact temperature it recorded.
I see by placards that the Rev. James Manghan is to give the next lecture in the Institute on the wonderful properties of heat—not a bad subject for these snowy regions. I am glad to be able to report increased interest in the affairs of the Institute : a considerable addition of books has just been made, and the number of persons who attend the reading room has increased considerably."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39127897
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3916005
APA citation
GUMEKACHA. (1865, June 30). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 3. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39127897

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South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1867) Saturday 1 July 1865 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/94740885

(quoting the entire article including snow-irrelevant parts to give a flavour of the times)

"KANMANTOO.
[Correspondent.]
Friday, June 27.
Since my last communication everything has been very quiet. I am sorry to say that, owing to the great drought, the crops are looking very bad. Lambing has commenced; but the percentage of lambs this year will be very small, as the sheep are in a very low condition, owing to the scarcity of feed. The sheep will not take to the lambs, and they are left to perish. I visited a sheepstation a few days since and was astonished to see dead lambs strewed all over the yards.
The mines are still looking about the same as usual; but there is a great scarcity of wood at present for smelting. Perhaps, as tilling is over, the wood may come in now more plentifully.
I am glad to say that the weather, which has been very dry lately, has at last changed, and we have been favored with a refreshing rain ; but the weather is piercingly cold, and to-day we have had several smart hailstorms. I may also mention that we had a slight fall of snow at about 11 a.m. to-day, which lasted about five minutes.
Sickness seems to be very prevalent at Callington, several deaths having occurred within the last week or two."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94740885
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page8387490
APA citation
KANMANTOO. (1865, July 1). South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1867), p. 2. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94740885

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South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1867) Saturday 1 July 1865 Page 2 S.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/94740971

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

"CLARENDON.
[Correspondent.]
Thursday, June 28.

The much-wanted rain has visited us again during the past four or five days, and has been very abundant. The 28th was one of the coldest days ever known in South Australia ; and in some parts of this district the snow fell in heavy showers. Hail, rain, and a bitter cold S.W. wind rendered outdoor work unendurable."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94740971
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page8387498
APA citation
CLARENDON. (1865, July 1). South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1867), p. 2 Supplement: Supplement to the South Australian Weekly Chronicle. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94740971

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South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1867) Saturday 1 July 1865 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/94740883

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

" RHYNIE.
[Correspondent]
Thursdav, June 29.

"During the past week we have had a succession of cold, bleak days, yesterday being very severe, continual storms raging throughout the day ; sometimes rain, at other times hail, and one storm was scarcely distinguishable between hail and snow. To-day it appears to be all cleared off, the sun shining in all its brightness. The change of weather has come in very opportunely for the farmers, as the early crops had already changed their color and were looking quite brown."

and further down in the article:

"Our country correspondents report that snow fell on Wednesday as far to the east as Kanmantoo, and to the north, as Redruth. At the latter place, the unusual occurrence was a matter of astonishment and delight to the young folks, who are reported to have commenced snowballing at once."

Redruth was one of several small towns that now constitute Burra.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94740883
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page8387490
APA citation
BHYNIE. (1865, July 1). South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1867), p. 2. Retrieved April 24, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94740883

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South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Monday 3 July 1865 Page 3.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/41025288

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

" CHARLESTON.
[From our own Correspondent.]
Charleston, June 28.

Seeding is now finished in this locality, and the early sown wheat is up, looking green and healthy. The weather during the time of ploughing and sowing was unusually dry, with sharp frosts at night. It has now changed, and snow and rain have fallen heavily during the greater part of this day."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41025288
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3916386
APA citation
CHARLESTON. (1865, July 3). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 3. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41025288

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South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Wednesday 5 July 1865 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/41020034

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

" KOORINGA.

[From our own Correspondent.]
Kooringa. July 3.
Since my last we have had here our share of the cold, snowy, and rainy weather that has been experienced in other parts of the colony. The snow provoked the snowballing propensities of some of the residents, who had not seen it for a long time, as it is some years since it fell in the Burra, and then also in June."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41020034
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3916157
APA citation
KOORINGA. (1865, July 5). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 2. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41020034

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South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Thursday 6 July 1865 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/41029094

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

" STRATHALBYN,
[From our own Correspondent]
Strathalbyn, July 4."

" Last week we had some splendid rains, just in time to be the salvation of the plains. There were also some smart showers of hail. At the Upper Finniss there was a shower of snow, which lasted some 15 minutes; whilst at Bull's Creek— which flows through a long, deep, and circuitous gully that from its centre (almost from end to end) throws off its towering and picturesque hills some hundreds of feet high—snow, old English-like snow, large feathery flakes, fell fast and thick, for I have been told rather more than an hour."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41029094
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3916180
APA citation
STRATHALBYTN. (1865, July 6). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 2. Retrieved March 1, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41029094

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South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Thursday 6 July 1865 Page 3.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/41029065

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

" STOCKPORT.
[From our own Correspondent.]
Stockport. July 5.

The last week or so a great deal of rain has fallen, and things generally look healthy and vigorous ; in fact a heavy snow and hail storm which lasted some time fell on Thursday last, and some of the young folks had a nice game at snowballing. The weather at times has been extremely cold."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41029065
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3916179
APA citation
STOCKPORT,. (1865, July 6). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 3. Retrieved March 1, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41029065

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South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1867) Saturday 8 July 1865 Page 3.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/94737303
The same story also appears in another paper here http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/31851440

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

"STRATHALBYN.
[Correspondent.]
Tuesday. July 4.

During the beginning of last week the weather took an extraordinary change, raining almost incessantly, and therewith intensely cold. On one occasion the snow might have been seen falling in flakes about the size of a sixpence, and hailstones in abundance. The weather still continues cold and moist, and at intervals continues to threaten. Most of our farmers having contemplated sowing, &c., consequently wish for its continuance."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94737303
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page8387503
APA citation
STRATHALBYN. (1865, July 8). South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1867), p. 3. Retrieved March 1, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94737303

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South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Saturday 8 July 1865 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/41032156

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

" Ice.— As an instance of the very severe cold which prevails at Mount Lofty and the neighbour- hood, a quantity of ice was exhibited by Mr. James Cobbledick at the special Committee meeting of the Agricultural and Horticultural Society on Friday, July 7. Mr. Cobbledick, who lives in the neighbourhood of the Mount, has a swamp on his property. He places some platefuls of spring water in the swamp at night, and by the next morning the water is frozen. The ice which Mr. Cobbledick exhibited at the meeting on Friday was about three-eighths of an inch thick in the thinnest part, and the outer edge of the pieces, which were in the form of plates, was more than half an inch thick. Mr. Cobbledick informs us that a considerable quantity of snow has recently fallen at the Mount."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41032156
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3916146
APA citation
PORT ADELAIDE. (1865, July 8). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 2. Retrieved March 2, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41032156

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South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Monday 10 July 1865 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/41028311

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

MOUNT REMARKABLE.
[From our own Correspondent.]
Melrose, July 4.

"The weather of late has been much the same as your last issue reports in other parts of the colony. There has been no snow actually in the township, but the station of Mr. L'Estrange, J.P., two miles out, was visited by a fall last week."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41028311
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page3916150
APA citation
MOUNT REMARKABLE. (1865, July 10). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 2. Retrieved March 2, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41028311

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The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) Friday 28 July 1865 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/31852029

(quoting the snow-relevant part of a longer article)

"Winter has now quite set in. There has been an abundant fall of rain in and around Adelaide for many miles. Snow has fallen in various places, and the weather is very cold. The harvest will be backward, but, should nothing untoward occur, there is every probability of its being good.
By latest advices rain had fallen in the North, but had not yet reached the runs situated Far North. The losses in that portion of the colony have been very great. The lambs have been killed as fast as dropped to save the ewes, great numbers of which have, notwithstanding, perished."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31852029
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page2423987
APA citation
HEADS OF INTELLIGENCE. (1865, July 28). The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889), p. 2. Retrieved March 2, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31852029

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