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1916 Two November Snowfalls.  

November 4th snow report.

On November 4th the Mail newspaper reported: "Snow-flakes fell with a heavy shower of rain in Adelaide at 3.30 p.m. to-day". I didn't find reports of snow falling at any other location in South Australia on 4th November although my search on Trove was not exhaustive. Nor did I find any references by the Bureau of Meteorology to this Adelaide snowflakes report, nor any eyewitness accounts of the falling flakes.

Here is relevant text from two newspaper reports I found on Trove.

Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954), Saturday 4 November 1916, page 5.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/59822316

SNOW IN NOVEMBER

... to-day we had a touch of severe winter. Snow-flakes fell with a heavy shower of rain in Adelaide at 3.30 p.m. to-day. A cold wind was blowing from the south-west at the time. The snowflakes were fairly heavy in some parts.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59822316
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page5304731
APA citation
SNOW IN NOVEMBER. (1916, November 4). The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved April 11, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59822316 

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Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), Monday 6 November 1916, page 6.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/5532420

{quoting relevant text from longer article}

SNOW IN SUMMER.
Snowflakes accompanied a heavy shower of rain which fell in Adelaide at half-past 3 on Saturday afternoon. There was a cold wind blowing from the south-west at the time.
FURTHER SHOWERS EXPECTED.
The weather officer reported on Sunday night:—"The shallow monsoonal disturbance which passed across this State on Friday brought light to moderate and general rain south from William Creek up to Saturday morning, the maximum registration being 108 points at Mount Gambier. The monsoon developed considerably in energy as it reached higher latitudes, being probably reinforced from the south, and on Saturday's chart it was shown as a deep depression centred south of Tasmania but embrac-ing the whole of south-eastern Australia. The anti-cyclone in the west also increased in energy, resulting in a difference in pressure of an inch along the Southern Ocean. This steeping of the isobars was marked by cold, squally south-west winds in this State during the past couple of days, and passing showers, with hail, were experienced over the settled areas. On Saturday the maximum temperature at Stirling West was only 48 deg. At Adelaide the thermometer ranged from a minimum of 46.9 to a maximum of 59.6 ...

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5532420
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page978093
APA citation
GENERAL NEWS. (1916, November 6). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 6. Retrieved April 11, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5532420 

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November 13-15th snow reports.

A very persistent south-west to south airflow from the Southern Ocean prevailed for several days in mid-November 1916, as shown by the four Bureau of Meteorology weather maps I've copied below that were published in The Advertiser for 13th, 14th, 15th and 16th. They most likely are maps issued by the Bureau at around 9am each day.

In those days there was no significant information reaching the weather bureau daily to guide them in the barometric pressures prevailing over the Southern Ocean south of western and central Australia and southwards of Tasmania. My experience of snow events in recent years suggests that the airstream probably came from considerably further south than the four surface charts below would suggest.

The Advertiser newspaper based in Adelaide reported that on Monday 13th "A bitterly cold south wind blew, and driving showers fell. During the afternoon there was even a fall of snow, lasting half an hour, on the summit of Mount Lofty. Those who were privileged to see it describe it as a beautiful spectacle, ..."

Quoting The Advertiser: "Our records go back as far as 1841," remarked Mr. E. Bromley (officer in charge of the Meteorological Bureau) last night, "and I find that on no other occasion have we had snow so late in the season." Mr. Bromley was referring to the falls of snow experienced on Monday at Mount Lofty summit, and also at Forest Range. The only other record of snow falling in November that he had was on November 4, 1913."

The first 16 days of November 1916 may have been the coldest on record in Adelaide.

The Peterborough Times reported: "Snow.—A slight fall of snow was noticed on Tuesday morning by a number of residents, but as rain fell almost immediately, the snow did not last."

I also found a report "Snow was reported at Georgetown 10 a.m. on 15th.









Now to individual newspaper reports I found on Trove.

Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), Tuesday 14 November 1916, page 4.

http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/5534782

{quoting relevant text from longer article}

SNOW AT MOUNT LOFTY.
Residents of the hills districts have been having a particularly chilly time of late, and they may be pardoned if they decline to believe that spring is nearly over, and that summer is due in a little more than a fortnight. On Monday [13th - Miles], however, their previous experiences of this most abnormal spring were surpassed. A bitterly cold south wind blew, and driving showers fell. During the afternoon there was even a fall of snow, lasting half an hour, on the summit of Mount Lofty. Those who were privileged to see it describe it as a beautiful spectacle, but the ground was warm and wet, so that the snow melted as it fell. The night was particularly cold. This was the case also in Adelaide. A hailstorm swept over the south-eastern part of the city shortly after 8 o'clock. Residents found their gardens white, and the roadways carpeted with hail-stones, which were banked up several inches thick in places. No doubt daylight will reveal much damage in gardens where the hail passed.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5534782
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page978183
APA citation
GENERAL NEWS. (1916, November 14). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 4. Retrieved April 11, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5534782 

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The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Wed 15 Nov 1916 Page 4.

http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/59909387

{quoting relevant text from longer article}

... on Tuesday afternoon I went down to the Observatory, and asked Mr. Bromley a lot of questions. ... "Anyhow," I insisted, "there has never been snow so late as November 13 before?" Mr. Bromley ran his eye over what seemed like acres of figures. ... "No," he admitted, ... This is certainly the latest date on which snow has ever been reported, and our records go back to 1841. Three years ago there was a light fall of snow on November 4, in the Mount Lofty Ranges.
... on November 4, 1913 ... snow was reported from Mount Lofty.

[there's more discussion with Mr Bromley on low temperatures in Novembers in the article I haven't included here - Miles]

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59909387
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page4497936
APA citation
WINTER IN SUMMER. (1916, November 15). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 4. Retrieved April 14, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59909387 

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The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) Wed 15 Nov 1916 Page 6.

http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/5534987

{quoting relevant text from longer article}

A RECORD LATE SNOWFALL.
"Our records go back as far as 1841," remarked Mr. E. Bromley (officer in charge
of the Meteorological Bureau) last night, "and I find that on no other occasion have
we had snow so late in the season." Mr. Bromley was referring to the falls of snow
experienced on Monday at Mount Lofty summit, and also at Forest Range. The
only other record of snow falling in November that he had was on November 4,
1913.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5534987 
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page978196
APA citation
GENERAL NEWS. (1916, November 15). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 6. Retrieved April 12, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5534987     

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Daily Herald (Adelaide, SA : 1910 - 1924), Wednesday 22 November 1916, page 8.

http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/124846764

{quoting relevant text from longer article}

WEATHER NOTES.
For Week Ending 8.30 a.m. Tuesday, Nov. 21.

The early part of the week was marked by exceptionally cold weather.- with squally conditions and showers over the greater part of the settled areas and hail at times. an dalso a light fall of snow at one or two places on the highlands. The unseasonable weather was due to the persistence of an energetic depression over south-eastern Australia, and the presence of a moderate anticyclone centred over the Bight.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article124846764
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page10508197
APA citation
WEATHER NOTES. (1916, November 22). Daily Herald (Adelaide, SA : 1910 - 1924), p. 8. Retrieved April 12, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article124846764 

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The Journal (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1923) Thu 16 Nov 1916 Page 1.

http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/204680692

{quoting relevant text from longer article}

TO-DAY'S WEATHER MAP.

Snow at Georgetown 10 a.m. on 15th.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article204680692
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page22442965
APA citation
TO-DAY’S WEATHER MAP. (1916, November 16). The Journal (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1923), p. 1. Retrieved April 12, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article204680692 

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Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser (SA : 1880 - 1954), Friday 17 November 1916, page 2.

http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/147698727

{quoting relevant text from longer article}

THE WEATHER.

"Horrible weather again today, raining and blowing in frequent gusts, and almost every shower brings some hail which cuts the more tender plants and marks the fruit badly" has been the weather report in the hills districts every day since last Friday. Not only has it been stormy, but it has been very cold, so cold as to almost create a record for November. Light falls of snow have been reported from some centres, and rain has been general throughout the State.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article147698727
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page17342632
APA citation
THE WEATHER. (1916, November 17). The Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser (SA : 1880 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved April 12, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article147698727

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Petersburg Times (SA : 1887 - 1919), Friday 17 November 1916, page 2.

http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/109503162

{quoting relevant text from longer article}

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1916.

Snow.—A slight fall of snow was noticed on Tuesday morning by a number of residents, but as rain fell almost immediately, the snow did not last.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article109503162
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page10676241
APA citation
Petersburg Times and Northern Advertiser (1916, November 17). Petersburg Times (SA : 1887 - 1919), p. 2. Retrieved April 12, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article109503162 

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End of report.

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