1904 snowfalls start on the page "1904 June 30th snowfall."

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1903 snowfalls.

A search of the SA newspapers in the Trove database found several different events but none appeared to be substantial widespread falls. Information was scarce on these falls and doubt was cast on one of them. A variety of search words were used eg snow hail, snow Hallett, snow Lofty, from 1st April to 10th December 1903.

Friday 3rd and Saturday 4th July 1903 isolated reports from Mid-North.

Rating on SA-wide 'snow distribution and amount' scale (min 1 to max 10) : 3

Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Saturday 11 July 1903 Page 1 S.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/162450384

{quoting snow-relevant text only}

"EUDUNDA, July 6.—On Friday and Saturday last the temperature was at freezing point, and hail and snow fell on Saturday. Snow also fell at Point Pass and Robertstown in small quantities."

"TRURO, July 3.—The creek is in full flood, and the hills are streaming with tiny rivulets. Snow is reported from several places in the hills."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162450384
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page19014683
APA citation
BURGLARY AT RENMARK. (1903, July 11). Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), p. 1 Supplement: The Observer Country Supplement.. Retrieved March 22, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162450384

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Kapunda Herald (SA : 1878 - 1951), Friday 10 July 1903, page 3
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/110276150

{quoting only snow-relevant text}

EUDUNDA.
July 8. [Wednesday - Miles]
Friday and Saturday were bitterly cold days. On Saturday morning [4th - Miles] snow fell at Robertstown and Point Pass, and here about mid-day we had a downpour of hailstone for some time and a light fall of snow with it.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article110276150
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page10565718
APA citation
EUDUNDA. (1903, July 10). Kapunda Herald (SA : 1878 - 1951), p. 3. Retrieved February 22, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article110276150 

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Friday July 10th 1903 light snowshower(s) reported Belalie North and Lancelot in Mid-North.

Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), Saturday 18 July 1903, page 11
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/162450887

{quoting snow-relevant text from longer article}

THE SEASON.
BELALIE NORTH. July 10.— ... At about 9 o'clock this morning snow fell. Altogether three small falls were recorded.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162450887
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page19014696
APA citation
THE SEASON. (1903, July 18). Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), p. 11. Retrieved February 21, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162450887 

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Southern Cross (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1954), Friday 17 July 1903, page 12
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/166960078

{quoting snow-relevant text from longer article}

COUNTRY NEWS.
LANCELOT, July 13.
The weather for the last fortnight has been bitterly cold and frosty. On Friday last [10th - Miles] we had a light shower of snow, and on Saturday one of the heaviest frosts ever experienced in this part, the ice being so thick on small pools of water that cows could walk on it without going through. This I think is a record.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166960078
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page19589743
APA citation
COUNTRY NEWS. (1903, July 17). Southern Cross (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1954), p. 12. Retrieved February 21, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166960078

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A report of snow on July 13th 1903 in the northern Flinders including at Wilpena and seen on nearby Mount Aleck.

Rating on SA-wide 'snow distribution and amount' scale (min 1 to max 10) : 3

If the date of the snowfall reported in the newspaper article is correct, this may be one of those rare South Australian snow events where the primary cause is not a very cold air mass from the far Southern Ocean advecting northwards or north-eastwards, up the western side of a complex low pressure area often in the region of Tasmania, and over southern SA.

The newspaper article says: "Some of the farmers of the Hundreds of Woolyana and Wonoka, who were in Hawker on last Saturday, reported a fall of snow in their vicinity on July 13. Mount Aleck, near the western boundary of the Hundred of Moralana, and a portion of the Wonoka Range, were covered. There was snow at Wilpena the same day."

As we can see from the Todd folios weather chart below, at 9am Monday 13th there was a low pressure system in the Bight area and a high pressure system in the Tasman Sea. This would usually produce a northerly or north-westerly wind blowing over the northern Flinders Ranges, not unduly cold unless there were other factors at play.

The Todd chart for 9am Tuesday 14th shows a much more typical weather pattern for snow showers over southern SA, but it's very unlikely they would be restricted only to the northern Flinders Ranges. So perhaps there was a middle-level cloud cover over the northern Flinders Ranges on Monday with some rain falling through fairly dry air below the cloud to produce evaporative cooling of the air. Maybe there was an upper level low over the region. I wish I had more time to investigate this further! The Todd weather chart for 9am Monday and images of some newspaper clippings are on this webpage.

Below: a detail of Todd folio chart for 9am Monday 13th July 1903.



Below: a detail of Todd folio chart for 9am Tuesday 14th July 1903.



Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Saturday 1 August 1903 Page 1 S.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/162451513

"HAWKER. July 22.—Some of the farmers of the Hundreds of Woolyana and Wonoka, who were in Hawker on last Saturday, reported a fall of snow in their vicinity on July 13. Mount Aleck, near the western boundary of the Hundred of Moralana, and a portion of the Wonoka Range, were covered. There was snow at Wilpena the same day."

See below for info on the location and height of Mount Aleck in relation to Wilpena Pound.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162451513
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page19014827
APA citation
SALT CARTERS' TROUBLE. (1903, August 1). Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), p. 1 Supplement: The Observer Country Supplement.. Retrieved March 23, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162451513

The location and height of Mount Aleck in relation to Wilpena Pound.

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilpena_Pound : "The highest peak in the Pound, also the highest of the Flinders Ranges, is St Mary Peak (1170m), on the north-eastern side. To the south of the Gap on the eastern side, the highest peak is Point Bonney (1133m). On the north-western side of the Pound, the highest point is Pompey's Pillar (1165m), and Rawnsley's Bluff (950m) at the southern end is the other major summit."

It says "Although not part of the Pound, the adjacent Elder Range (and its highest point Mount Aleck) ... ". Bonzle gives the height of Mount Aleck as 1,025m and St Mary Peak as 1,135m. Maybe there are carefully surveyed official heights for these summits someone on the internet. On the image below Mount Aleck is as far as I can determine in the bottom left hand corner pretty close to where the white distance scale line "2.5 km" would intersect the crest of the Elder Range which the white line is just touching.



Description: Annotated view of Wilpena from space.
Source: NASA. From http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=43971

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Two slight falls of snow were reported from Yongala Estate in Mid-North but no date was given. The date of writing the report was July 18th so it could have been part of the July 13th fall doumented above.

Rating on SA-wide 'snow distribution and amount' scale (min 1 to max 10) : 1

Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Saturday 25 July 1903 Page 2 S.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/162451093

"YONGALA ESTATE, July 18."
"In the higher portions all dams have been frozen over to a sufficient depth to allow a sheep dog to walk across in some cases. There have been two slight falls of snow."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162451093
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page19014779
APA citation
LEG BROKEN BY CRICKET BALL. (1903, July 25). Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904), p. 1 Supplement: The Observer Country Supplement.. Retrieved March 23, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162451093

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Snow lying on ground reported near Yacka (Mid-North) on July 29th (or 30th?).

Rating on SA-wide 'snow distribution and amount' scale (min 1 to max 10) : 1

The report was questioned by a correspondent from Gulnare who didn't observe it but commented he was inclined to think it was hail. Under the heading Meteorological Notes attributed to Charles Todd, Government Astronomer, dated Thursday July 30, it says "snow is reported in the lower north, between Yacka and Koolunga."

We will probably never know whether it was snow or hail. It does illustrate the tenuous nature of some minor snow reports. We still have this problem today.

Northern Argus (Clare, SA : 1869 - 1954) Friday 7 August 1903 Page 3.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/100466912

{quoting only snow-relevant text}

"STANLEY FLAT, July 30. Rain began to fall here last Monday night, and has continued almost ever since, and at 1 o'clock to-day we had the heaviest fall of hail for the year."

"YACKA, July 30. I was informed by a gentleman coming from Redhill to Yacka yesterday afternoon, that three miles back between here and Koolunga, snow was lying on the ground an inch thick. We registered for yesterday 73 points of rain."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100466912
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page9621762
APA citation
News Letters. (1903, August 7). Northern Argus (Clare, SA : 1869 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved March 22, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100466912

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Northern Argus (Clare, SA : 1869 - 1954) Friday 21 August 1903 Page 4.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/100470332

{quoting only the snow-relevant text from longer article}

"GULNARE, August 12. ... The rainfall for July totalled 2.02, since which we have had a little more than an inch, 77 of which was recorded on the morning of the 1st inst. The day before we were visited with a severe hailstorm, which lasted for twenty minutes , and the hail could be seen lying around an hour after. I am inclined to think that this was the “ snow” mentioned by your Yacka correspondent as having been seen lying an inch thick near Koolunga."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100470332
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page9621775
APA citation
News Letters. (1903, August 21). Northern Argus (Clare, SA : 1869 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved March 23, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100470332

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The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) Friday 31 July 1903 Page 4.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/4980254

{quoting only snow-relevant text}

METEOROLOGICAL NOTES.
Thursday, July 30.
...
"General Remarks.
Further rains, though very variable in character, have fallen throughout this State since yesterday morning and snow is reported in the lower north, between Yacka and Koolunga. ...

CHARLES TODD, Government Astronomer."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4980254
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page916517
APA citation
METEOROLOGICAL NOTES. (1903, July 31). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 4. Retrieved March 23, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4980254

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