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Forward to next event "1901 October Snowfall" (no falls found in September).

1901 August snowfalls.

I searched the SA newspapers in the Trove database using various keywords, and found two snow events for August 1901: one of them a minor fall on 6th (a report from Jamestown of flakes of snow); and then on and around 27th August an unusually widespread fall in Mid-North - Flinders Ranges and with a few reports from the southern Mt Lofty Ranges.

August snow events: Tuesday 6th.

Rating on SA-wide 'snow distribution and amount' scale (min 1 to max 10) : 1

Below: Todd folio weather chart detail for 9am 6th August 1901.



The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Friday 9 August 1901 Page 3.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/56644832
{quoting entire article}
"THE SEASON.
JAMESTOWN, August 6.—It is raining heavily, and flakes of snow fell at 9 p.m. PORT ELLIOT, August 8.— Splendid rain, accompanied by hail, fell on Monday night. Crops will be rather late, but feed is growing splendidly, and stock are beginning to pick up in condition."
Article identifier http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56644832
Page identifier http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page4410953
APA citation THE SEASON. (1901, August 9). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 3. Retrieved February 18, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56644832

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August snow events: Tuesday 27th.

Rating on SA-wide 'snow distribution and amount' scale (min 1 to max 10) : 7

Here's the August 27th reports and some related information and comments.

Many towns reported at least a light fall of snow on Tuesday 27th August, and some reported snow whitening nearby hills or parts of ranges. Locations where snow was reported ranged from Meadows South (now Meadows) in the southern Mt Lofty Ranges to Mt Arden (the mountain) in the Flinders Ranges.

The key date to remember is Tuesday 27th August 1901 when most of the snow fell. Ororoo reported on 29th "Yesterday snow fell during the day". I think there's a reasonable chance that's a simple mixup with dates and maybe should have referred to Tuesday 27th. Nevertheless I imagine in a few locations snow may have fallen in the early hours of Wednesday 28th or stayed on the ground overnight Tuesday. Mt Arden was reported as "... covered with snow this morning" on Wednesday 28th.

This late-August fall was nowhere near as extensive or heavy as the epic late-July 1901 fall, but nevertheless it was widespread and would cause quite a bit of excitement if a similar fall were to happen this winter.

What were the meteorological events that resulted in this snow event? It seems that late in the previous week, a low pressure area formed over northern South Australia, producing some very valuable rains over a wide area of SA. "The barometric depression which developed inland in this State during the latter part of the week," said Assistant Government Meteorologist for South Australia Mr. R. F. Griffiths on Monday, "brought fine rains over the western and inland districts."

On the weekend this low moved south-east and its centre was in Bass Strait on Monday morning 26th. "It covers this morning the whole of south-eastern Australia, and the centre of the disturbance is over the eastern entrance to Bass's Straits." More valuable rains fell widely over southern South Australia.

"The disturbance which reached Bass's Straits yesterday," said Mr. Griffiths on Tuesday 27th, "has greatly increased in energy, the barometer at the south end of Tasmania having fallen nearly half an inch during the past 24 hours, and now reading about 29.2 in. This increase in the energy, of the disturbance has given us a useful rain all over the agricultural parts of the State." "The weather chart this morning shows that we have a high-pressure area advancing eastward over the Great Bight, and the gradients along the coastline are very steep, there being an inch difference between the barometer readings at Eucla and Hobart. This is causing cold strong south-wstcrly winds all over this state, with squally rough weather in the south and snowstorms in the far north."

On Wednesday morning 28th Mr. Griffiths said "The storm centre off Tasmania is beginning to lose energy and move away to the eastward, consequently the barometric gradients along the coast are not so steep this morning, and the rough weather is moderating".

This period of rainfalls fell in the midst of the "Federation Drought" and came to the temporary rescue of farmers and graziers and many others over a wide area of southern South Australia, and was considered drought-breaking by some people. Understandably the widespread rain caused a lot more excitement than the snow did, and I think this may have reduced the extent of the snow reporting in the papers.

Anyone interested in pursuing the meteorological causes of this snow event may find more information in the Todd Weather Folios 1879-1909 collection here http://charlestodd.net/Todd_Folios/indexpage/1901.html and in the daily weather reports in the biggest SA papers of the time, and in eastern states' papers and weather reports. I haven't found any meteorological reports on this event written in recent times but maybe one or more exist somewhere on the internet or in libraries.

Below I've copied most of the comments of the above-mentioned Mr Griffiths as reported in the SA papers in the Trove database for Monday 26th, Tuesday 27th and Wednesday 28th, and then I've copied either snippets or the whole of many SA newspaper articles where there are references to snow. I've probably included most of the locations that reported snow in the papers for this event, but I didn't search exhaustively to get them all.

Below: a detail of Todd folio weather chart for 9am Tuesday 27th August 1901.



Below: a detail of Todd folio weather chart for 9am Wednesday 28th August 1901.



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The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) Tuesday 27 August 1901 Page 4.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/4853518

Quoting whole of article. Mr. Griffiths was Assistant Government Meteorologist in South Australia. The article quotes his comments on Monday 26th.

A GENERAL RAIN.
"The barometric depression which developed inland in this State during the latter part of the week," said Mr. Griffiths on Monday, "brought fine rains over the western and inland districts. Including the rain on Friday, all over the west coast and Eyre's Peninsula from 60 points to 1 in. has fallen. Further northwards over the pastoral country Yardea has registered 2 in., Farina and Beltana 1 in., 1¾ in. at Blinman, and 1.20 in. at Leigh's Creek. In our far northern agricultural districts Hawker had 1 in., Wilson and Cradock 1 in., Gordon about three-quarters of an inch, Quorn half an inch, from 40 to 50 points around Bruce, Wilmington, and Booleroo, and a rather heavier fall on the Blackrock Plain, about Yongala, and Petersburg. The rain came southward to Hallett, where nearly half an inch fell. On the coast about Port Pirie and Port Germein and in the Areas only light showers fell, and also in the Mount Lofty Ranges. The rain passed eastwards over the north-eastern pastoral districts, Waukaringa receiving half an inch, Cockburn nearly 1 in., and Broken Hill 1.85. Light to heavy rains have also fallen throughout the southern half of Queensland, moderate to heavy rains in New South Wales, and in Victoria there has been a light to heavy fall, an inch being registered in the northern pare of the State, where moisture was especially wanted. The low-pressure centre since Saturday has moved in a southeasterly direction, and has increased in energy. It covers this morning the whole of south-eastern Australia, and the centre of the disturbance is over the eastern entrance to Bass's Straits. A heavy cloud bank envelops the whole of the continent south of a line joining Eucla and Brisbane, and over this area the weather is still in an unsettled condition, and further rains may be looked for. It seems likely that the disturbance will increase in energy now that it has reached the coast, and if so there is a probability of the southern parts of this State having rain. During the next 24 hours we may expect cloudy to gloomy weather, becoming unsettled, with rain in many parts, west to south winds, and moderate sea."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4853518
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page904959
APA citation
A GENERAL RALN. (1901, August 27). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 4. Retrieved February 27, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4853518

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The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Wednesday 28 August 1901 Page 8.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/56642145

{Quoting most of the article, which quotes his comments on Tuesday 27th.}

CONTINUED RAIN.
USEFUL FALL ALL OVER THE AGRICULTURAL AREAS.
MORE SNOWSTORMS.

Referring to the weather conditions Mr. R. F. Griffiths, Assistant Government Meteorologist, remarked on Tuesday:— "As anticipated the disturbance which had reached Bass's Straits has greatly increased in energy, the barometers in the south of Tasmania having fallen nearly half an inch during the past 24 hours, now reading 29.2. This increase in energy has given us a useful rain all over the agricultural parts of the state. Generally speaking over 0.33 fell throughout. On parts of the Mount Lofty Ranges over 0.50 was recorded, and 0.87 at Uraidla. In the central areas and lower north the fall was heaviest, many places having from 0.40 to 0.90, with a maximum of 1.05 at Gladstone. In the far outlying districts the rain was lighter, only a slight sprinkle being recorded along the upper Murray and the north-east parts. Beyond Port Augusta, Quorn had 0.56, and a little over a quarter of an inch was registered between Cradock and Blinman. The weather chart this morning shows that we have a high-pressure area advancing eastward over the Great Bight, and the gradients along the coastline are very steep, there being an inch difference between the barometer readings at Eucla and Hobart. This is causing cold strong south-wstcrly winds all over this state, with squally rough weather in the south and snowstorms in the far north. During the next 24 hours the weather will continue cold, squally, and cloudy, with driving showers of hail and rain through the night, but to-morrow the barometers will rise, and though still showery the weather will moderate. It is snowing northward between Burra, Caltowie, and Yongala." The atmosphere in Adelaide on Tuesday morning was keen and biting, and it was therefore not surprising to learn on the arrival of the Melbourne express at a quarter- past 10 that a slight fall of snow had occurred. The fall began just after the train left Aldgate, and it lasted to Belair. Although brief, it was sufficient to partially snowcap the ranges. A little later an exceptionally heavy hailstorm was experienced, particularly in the southern suburbs."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56642145
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page4411102
APA citation
CONTINUED RAIN. (1901, August 28). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 8. Retrieved February 27, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56642145

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The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Thursday 29 August 1901 Page 6.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/56640607

{quoting from a longer article, which quotes Mr Griffiths' comments on Wednesday 28th }

THE WEATHER.
Mr. S. F. Griffiths stated on Wednesday: —"All stations south of Farina record rain this morning; but, generally speaking, to the north and west of Adelaide only light showers fell. Blinman, however, had 0.37, and from 0.25 to 0.50 fell in the areas between Melrose, Petersburg, and Crystal Brook. The heaviest fall was in the south-east, where all stations registered over 0.30, many over 0.50, with a maximum on the coast of 0.83 at Robe and 1.20 at Kingston. The storm centre off Tasmania is beginning to lose energy and move away to the eastward, consequently the barometric gradients along the coast are not so steep this morning, and the rough weather is moderating. Over this state we have still scattered showers east of Spencer's Gulf, but finer conditions are reported to the west, and during the next 24 hours we may expect improving weather generally over the state."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56640607
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page4411112
APA citation
THE WEATHER. (1901, August 29). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 6. Retrieved February 28, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56640607

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The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Wednesday 28 August 1901 Page 8.

http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/56642143

{quoting mostly only snow-relevant text from a longer article}

SOAKING SHOWERS.

On Tuesday afternoon the Commissioner of Public Works, Hon. R. W. Foster, received the following telegram from the Engineer-in-Chief, Mr. A.B. Moncrieff, who is at Booleroo Centre:— "Constant soaking showers all day; nearly ¾ inch here; snow on ranges."

BLACKROCK, August 27.— The weather during this month has been remarkable. Almost every item that the weather clerk has in stock has been sent along in a most up-to-date manner. The month started with several severe frosts, which after several months of dry weather soon made the prospects look the reverse of pleasant. During the past sixteen days, however, we have had almost continuous rain, interspersed by thunder and lightning, snow, and earthquakes. The total rainfall for the month to date just totals 3 in., a fall which only those who have resided in these parts during the last five or six years can properly appreciate. Wheat and grass are making rapid headway, and with ordinary luck there is now every indication of a satisfactory harvest. Snow fell in various places this morning, and was particularly heavy on the hills to the east.

BURRA, August 27.— Rain set in last evening, and 0.30 was registered. The weather this morning was intensely cold. Snow fell in places, and at Sugar Loaf it remained on the ground for a short time.

CLARE, August 27.— Copious rain fell on Monday afternoon, and also during the night. This morning there were smart hail showers, but now the clouds are breaking.

EUDUNDA, August 27.—... To-day rain, hail, and snow are falling in rapidly successive showers. The snow and hail are mixed, but the general effect to the beholder is fine. One fall of hail covered the ground with stones the size of large peas.

JAMESTOWN, August 27.—Splendid rain has again fallen, 0.75 having been registered. Snow fell for some time this morning, and some of the adjacent hills were capped.

MOUNT BARKER, August 27.— The weather here this week has been wet and cold. Some nice showers have fallen, and this morning we had a slight fall of snow.

PETERSBURG, August 27.—A good fall of snow occurred during the night and this morning. Each fall was either accompanied or followed by rain.

SUMMERTOWN, August 27.— This morning at 10.30 a snowstorm began, and continued for over half an hour; but as the ground was previously wet, it did not stay on the surface.

TEROWIE, August 27.— This morning snow fell almost incessantly from 6 to 10 a.m., and again at 11 o'clock a heavy storm occurred. The hills towards Gumbowie are covered with snow.

YONGALA, August 27.—Over an inch of rain has fallen since Friday. This morning there were several good falls of snow.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56642143
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page4411102
APA citation
SOAKING SHOWERS. (1901, August 28). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 8. Retrieved February 26, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56642143

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The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) Wednesday 28 August 1901 Page 7.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/4853682
{quoting part of a longer article}

THE RECENT RAINS.
A GOOD GENERAL FALL.
SNOW IN THE NORTH.

Our Petersburg correspondent telegraphed on Tuesday morning:—"Grand rain has been experienced again this morning, 34 points having been registered up to 8.30. Heavy falls of snow have occurred since 5 o'clock, and the fall still continues. The surrounding hills present a pretty sight, trees, houses, and other objects being covered. There is every prospect of the rainfall proceeding throughout the day. Nothing could be more beneficial to the country than this downpour."

The Commissioner of Public Works received the following telegram from the Engineer-in-Chief, at Booleroo Centre, on Tuesday morning:—"Constant soaking showers all day; nearly ¾ in. Snow on ranges."

Hallett, August 27.
Heavy rain fell last night. We have had snow at various intervals this morning. From about 8 a.a. until 9 it fell heavily without ceasing. The hills are partially covered with snow still.

Terowie, August 27.
We have had another beautiful fall of rain and snow. The hills were covered with snow this morning, and there has been 60 points of rain registered for the night, or 1¼ inches in three days. The ground has not had such a soaking for many years, and there will soon be an abundance of feed.

Kapunda, August 27.
The weather is very cold. There was a fall of snow in the ranges to the west of the township this morning.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4853682
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page905012
APA citation
THE RECENT RAINS. (1901, August 28). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 7. Retrieved February 25, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4853682

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Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Saturday 31 August 1901 Page 32.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/87807109

{quoting only snow-relevant parts of a longer article}

RAIN IN THE COUNTRY.

Yongala, August 28.
Yesterday morning we had a beautiful fall of snow, and several other falls during the day. Snowballing was indulged in, and the Mannanarie and Yongala hills banked with heavy masses of snow presented a beautiful aspect."

Orroroo, August 29.
It has been raining here off and on for the past week, and up to 9 o'clock this morning 2.89 inches had been registered, which is a record for August. Yesterday snow fell during the day.

Eudunda, August 27.
Since Friday nice showers have been falling, whilst to-day has been a regular winter day, snow, hail, and rain falling at intervals.

Echunga, August 28.
About 10 a.m. on Tuesday snow commenced to fall, and continued at intervals until about 2 p.m. It melted as soon as it reached the ground.

Burra, August 28.
Yesterday we had rain, hail, and snow at the one time, the snow melting as it fell, or soon as reaching the ground. Late in the afternoon there was a good fall of snow north of Kooringa, and the hills towards Mount Bryan and Flagstaff Hill presented a beautiful appearance.

Mannanarie, August 28.
Splendid rains have again fallen, and since Saturday morning over an inch has been registered. During the last 12 days about three inches have fallen. Yesterday morning we had several snowstorms, and snow lay thickly everywhere along the hills from Mount Loch. About seven miles northward the fall must have been as heavy as that of the end of July last, when it lay from 6 in. to 1 ft. in depth.

Meadows South, August 28.
Rain has been falling since Friday last, 1.00 points having been registered at the local post ofiice. Yesterday we experienced another snowfall, but it was very light.

Norton's Summit, August 28.
Rain has fallen heavily here since Monday afternoon, and over an inch has been recorded. On Tuesday some heavy hail showers were experienced, accompanied by a light fall of snow. The weather is bitterly cold.

Article identifier http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87807109
Page identifier http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page8465659
APA citation RAIN IN THE COUNTRY. (1901, August 31). Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), p. 32. Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87807109

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The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Friday 30 August 1901 Page 6.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/56642928

{quoting only snow-relevant text and some other text of interest}

THE WEATHER.
THE FLOODS NEAR THE BARRIER.
MAIL COACHES DELAYED.
A GRAND PROSPECT.

LEIGHTON, August 28.— Rain set in on Monday evening, and up to 9 o'clock this morning we had 0.58. There was a good fall of snow on Tuesday, covering the ground an inch deep.

QUORN, August 28.— Splendid rain started to fall on Monday evening, and 0.56 was registered. Yesterday afternoon rain again set in. The tops of the adjacent hills were snow-capped during the night. This is the third time this season that snow has fallen here.

TANUNDA, August 28.— Splendid and copious rain fell on Monday, and continued till late on Tuesday night. There were several heavy showers, accompanied by hailstorms in abundance.

YARRAH and WYACCA, August 28.—We have had splendid rain at last, which will greatly improve harvest prospects. About 2 in. has been registered during the past week. With favourable weather we can now expect to get a little wheat. The farmers in Wyacca and the northern part of Yarrah are nearly all busy putting up wire-netting fences to protect their crops from the vermin, which are beginning to increase again. In some places locusts are making their appearance. Mount Arden was covered with snow this morning.

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56642928
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page4411122
APA citation
THE WEATHER. (1901, August 30). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 6. Retrieved February 26, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56642928

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The Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser (SA : 1880 - 1954) Friday 30 August 1901 Page 3.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/147765704

{quoting only reports of snow and "something which gave a strong suspicion of snow" from a much longer article}

"Mount Pleasant, August 27.
After a few nice fine days, we are now experiencing another spell of very cold weather. We have had wind, hail, snow, and rain, and altogether a little over half an inch of rain has been registered during the last two days."

"Echunga, August 28.
The weather since Sunday has been very rough and boisterious. "Cold enough for snow," remarked several on Tuesday, and within about half an hour snow commenccd to fall, but it was not sufficiently thick to be seen on the ground and melted almost as soon as it fell."

"Woodside, August 28.
The weather contiuues very bleak and cold, and on Tuesday morning we had heavy showers of hail, mingled with something which gave a strong suspicion of snow."
Article identifier http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article147765704
Page identifier http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page17353130
APA citation THE SOOTHERN DISTRICTS. (1901, August 30). The Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser (SA : 1880 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article147765704

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Petersburg Times (SA : 1887 - 1919) Friday 30 August 1901 Page 2.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/124969739

Quoting a reference to snow on Petersburg (now Peterborough) and surrounds on what I presume was Tuesday 27th August, preceded by commentary on the widespread good rainfalls in the north.

"Splendid General Rains have fallen all over the north, the downpours being the heaviest where most needed, the prospects of a good harvest for the north being at present particularly rosy. Of course those whose mission in life seems to be to throw cold water on everything and everybody are much in evidence just now reminding the farmer with doleful and ominous emphasis that "there is many a slip 'twixt cup and lip." The northern farmer, however, who has had enough experience to know that only when the wheat is garnered can one actually be sure of the harvest, is too busy shaking hands with himself and his fellows to pay much attention to the croakers, and in his present mood of thankfulness concerning the best prospects he has had for years he is forgetting all about the many reverses of the past which he ever met with a stout heart and stiff upper lip. The climatic influences have again played into the farmer's hands during the past week, and the prospects round Petersburg are blooming. Rain has been failing at convenient intervals, and this was supplemented by a nourishing fall of snow on Tuesday the flakes of which at times were the largest ever seen in this town. The surrounding hills presented a pretty sight, and early in the morning the trees, houses and everything was covered, but the rain falling soon afterwards dispersed the white mantle. At intervals throughout the day snow fell, but melted as soon as it reached the ground. From the 24th to the 29th inst. 1.47 inches was registered at the Petersburg post office, making a total of nearly 3½ inches for the month, and 8.16 inches for the year up-to-date."

Article identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article124969739
Page identifier
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page10672888
APA citation
THE Petersburg Times AND NORTHERN ADVERTISER. (1901, August 30). Petersburg Times (SA : 1887 - 1919), p. 2. Retrieved February 20, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article124969739

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Northern Argus (Clare, SA : 1869 - 1954) Friday 30 August 1901 Page 4.
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/106014618

{quoting entire article}

"News Letters.
MOUNT BRYAN, August 27.
Showery weather has prevailed the last few days, but last night and this morning the rain was supplemented by several falls of snow and hail. We had one splendid snow shower this morning, which lasted a considerable time. Some of the Mouut Bryan hills were quite white in the forenoon, but it is melting quickly, and now (1 p.m.) there is not a good deal visible from the “ Flat."

Article identifier http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article106014618
Page identifier http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page9621064
APA citation News Letters. (1901, August 30). Northern Argus (Clare, SA : 1869 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article106014618

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End of report.

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